Christian accounts of the imago Dei are legion, often mutually exclusive, and have, at the start of the twenty-first century, become incoherent. Many accounts of the imago Dei are little more than projections of culturally derived ideals and tropes foisted onto a view of God and subsequently made into a social agenda for human enterprise. This has not always been the case, however. The Christian tradition has most commonly interpreted the imago Dei as more technically an imago Christi, and looked to Jesus as the God-man who is the image of God per excellence. Jesus alone defines what true humanity is, what human personhood looks like when it is in right relationship with God, creation, humanity, and the self. What is left underdeveloped in imago Christi theological anthropology, however, is the perfecting work of the Spirit as constitutive of the imago Christi. To construct a Spirit-filled account of the imago Christi then, we have to examine the Spirit-filled life of Christ and then consider what life looks like in union with Christ and being filled with his Spirit. Such an enterprise will bring us close to pre-modern theological anthropologies and at the same time, will build upon contemporary understandings of moral psychology, human development, and essential relationality.