Moses, Elijah, and Jesus’s Divine Glory

Exegetes have adduced a number of explanations as to why the Synoptic evangelists note the presence of Moses and Elijah at the transfiguration: they represent the Law and the Prophets, had unusual endings of life, were eschatological figures in some sense, etc. This study presents fresh evidence from the OT and Jewish literature for interpreting Moses and Elijah primarily as recipients of Sinai theophanies. It then provides a reading of the transfiguration as a mountaintop theophany in which Jesus’s own divine glory is revealed.

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