In the last thirty years, a growing number of sects, such as the Hebrew Roots and Sacred Name movements, are calling Christians to follow the Torah. Among other obligations, they claim followers of Jesus must observe the Sabbath day, celebrate the Levitical feasts, which they call “God’s Feasts,” and keep the dietary laws of the Old Covenant.
The traditional interpretation of Galatians says Paul wrote against these and other practices of the Judaizers in Paul’s day. So, Hebrew Roots teachers use a different interpretation of Galatians: (1) using a restricted meaning of some uses of nomos in Galatians to mean “Talmud,” (2) saying Paul’s deprecation of the Law (Gal. 3:15-25) was a reaction against Judaizers and not really a negative statement against the Torah, (3) claiming the “days and months and seasons and years” (Gal. 4:10) referred to Roman pagan holidays rather than Jewish feasts and festivals, and (4) noting Paul himself observed the Torah, just as all people who want to please God in every generation must do. This paper will examine each of these claims and demonstrate Paul’s teaching against the Judaizers in Galatians also speaks against modern manifestations of the Judaizers, such as the Hebrew Roots and Sacred Name movements.