Raised for our Justification: The Isaianic Influence on Romans 4:25

What is the theological relationship between Jesus’s resurrection and our Justification? Do we merely share in his vindication, or is there a direct effect of the resurrection on justification? Romans 4:25 is the epicenter of the discussion about the relationship between resurrection and justification. This verse has been dismissed by some who consider Rom 4:25 to be mere rhetoric with no real theological significance (Dodd, 1959: 70; Dunn, 1988: 241; Wright, 2003: 247). On the other hand, others see that Rom 4:25 speaks against the traditional disregard of Jesus’s resurrection in Pauline soteriology, which needs to be corrected and reestablishes resurrection to its proper theological place (Gaffin, 1987: 14–15).
Although there are good contextual and exegetical arguments in the existing proposals, this paper argues that there is a rather direct relationship between Christ’s resurrection and our justification that has not been adequately explained. Additionally, there has been some oversight of other verses in Romans that arguably relate resurrection with justification and other aspects of our salvation. Finally, even though the Isaianic influence on Rom 4:25 has been acknowledged, its theological implications must be further developed.
Consequently, I will briefly consider the most relevant views on the relationship between Jesus’s resurrection and our justification, with particular emphasis on Rom 4:25. Then, this paper argues that a proper understanding of Paul’s teaching regarding resurrection in Romans and the influence of Isaiah 53 on Rom 4:25, helps us understand the theological connection Paul makes between resurrection and Justification.

4 thoughts on “Raised for our Justification: The Isaianic Influence on Romans 4:25”

  1. Justification and Resurrection
    There are 2 proposals on Romans by the same person. The focus is on one verse (4:25) and Isaish 53 and should be on the link with Abraham, who is the focus of Romans 4.

  2. Better than his other proposal
    Of the two proposals by this student, this one seems more focused. I would like to know what he argues is the connection between Jesus’s resurrection and justification and how the verse echoes Isaiah 53.

  3. The question is important.
    The question is important. It would be interesting to see if the paper develops the significance of Rom 4:25 for the transition to Christ in the argument of Rom 5-8 (and 9-11, for that matter). An Isaianic echo may be interesting, but the exegetical/theological significance of such an echo of greater importance.


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