The Middle Bronze Age is widely considered to be a high point in the development and quality of pottery forms. These ceramic vessels juxtapose strongly with the crude cooking pot most characteristic of the early part of the period. This paper examines the distribution, mode(s) of production, and development of the “straight-walled, flat bottomed” (SWFB) cooking pot throughout the Southern Levant. Its origin, function, and disappearance are also analyzed in order to shed light on its cultural significance. The archaeological data is compared to the biblical text and other factors to assess the possibility of a distinctive cultural marker indicative of the foodways of an Amorite group in the central hill country.