Young, Rodger C. and Andrew E. Steinmann. “Correlation of Select Classical Sources Related to the Trojan War with Assyrian and Biblical Chronologies.” JESOT 1:2 (November 2012): 223-248
Archaeological findings have added greatly to the credibility of Josephus’s citations of Tyrian records, in particular the list of Tyrian kings and their lengths of reign from 1000 to 786 B.C. and then from 593 to 532 B.C. Considerable skepticism remains, however, regarding the accuracy of another chronological datum that Josephus found in the Tyrian records, namely that Tyre was (re)founded 240 years before construction began on Solomon’s temple. The present study cites Pompeius Trogus/Justin and other classical authors that placed the refounding of Tyre immediately before the end of the Trojan War, thus bringing into harmony the date given in the Parian Marble for the fall of Troy, 1208 B.C., with the date for Tyre’s refounding as calculated from Josephus. Essential to this reasoning is the argument for the independence of the various sources that date these two events to the last decade of the 13th century B.C. Their independence, yet essential agreement, is compared to the weakness of the reasoning for the traditional date of 1183 B.C. for the end of the Trojan War. The precision of these various arguments is based on the firmness of the regnal dates of Solomon and his successors, as derived from biblical texts.
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