“Luther’s Peculiar Doctrine of the Imago Dei”

Bibliographic information:

Butler, Geoffrey. “Luther’s Peculiar Doctrine of the Imago Dei.” Evangelical Review of Theology 45, no. 2 (2021): 176–185.


Martin Luther believed that through Adam’s fall, humanity lost the image of God, which is restored only through justification by faith. That doctrine would, therefore, imply that non-Christians do not have the image of God in them. This paper analyses Luther’s argument and proposes a mediating position: all humans retain the divine image, but only justification can restore the divine likeness.


Evangelical Review of Theology (website: https://theology.worldea.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/04/ERT-45-2_digital.pdf)

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