“An Encounter with God: Hearing the Divine in Hebrews 3:7-11.”

Bibliographic information:

Seal, David. “An Encounter with God: Hearing the Divine in Hebrews 3:7-11.” Journal of Reformed Theology 15 (2021): 70–85.


Scholars acknowledge that most ancient people experienced the written text of Hebrews by hearing it read out loud. Several studies also recognize the book’s emphasis on divine speech. However, research has not examined how the occurrences of divine speech in Hebrews would have been spoken by the person reading the text once it arrived at its intended destination or how the speech would have been perceived by the communities that heard it recited. The oral cultural context from which Hebrews originated decisively shaped the form and delivery of the written divine speech and must be considered in any analysis. In this study I will address this gap by examining how the divine word from Psalm 95 cited in Hebrews 3:7–11 might have been vocalized in its original context and examine the kinds of rhetorical appeals the author made to the audience.


Journal of Reformed Theology (website: https://brill.com/view/journals/jrt/15/1-2/article-p70_5.xml)

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