“The Semantics of ἐν ᾧ in 1 Peter”

Bibliographic information:

Atkinson, Jordan. “The Semantics of ἐν ᾧ in 1 Peter.” The Bible Translator 72, no. 1 (2021): 117-132.


The prepositional phrase ἐν ᾧ occurs repeatedly in 1 Peter, and scholars debate its function in each occurrence. To determine the most likely functions of the phrase, this article analyzes each instance in the book. Based on the context of each occurrence, ἐν ᾧ is likely causal in 1 Pet 1.6 and 3.16, where it should be translated as “because of this” or “because of which.” In 1 Pet 2.12, ἐν ᾧ is both causal and concessive. In 1 Pet 3.19, however, it is likely a dative of reference, so should be translated as “in which.” Finally, in 1 Pet 4.4, ἐν ᾧ again functions causally.


United Bible Socities (website: https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/2051677020965673)

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