The Life, Apologetic, and Polemic Impact of Hippolytus of Rome

This paper explores the life, apologetic, and polemic impact of Hippolytus of Rome, reviewing his historical impact and considering how his approach applies today. It highlights his background, ideological perspective, and selections from Hippolytus’ main extant apologetic work, The Refutation of All Heresies. Looking at his historical context suggests he acted at a critical time … Read more

Judges 13-16: Samson as Failed Archetypal King

The narrative of Samson (Judg 13-16) occupies a prominent place within the book of Judges. This narrative, settled between the failed kingship of Abimelech in Judges 9, and several narratives containing the refrain “in those days there was no king in Israel” (Judg 17:6, 18:1, 19:1, 21:25; indicating the apparent societal failures in the absence … Read more

Interpreting John 3:16: How Do Readers’ Contexts Shape Their Understanding?

Regardless of upbringing, education, economic situation, or geographical location, most people in the so-called western world have seen or heard perhaps the most famous verse in the Bible: John 3:16. Yet, do they know the occasion or setting when it was written? Are they aware of the surrounding context of the verse—from the most immediate … Read more

Collaborative Authorship of Thessalonians: Evidence/Arguments/Corollaries of Plural Contributors

The two Thessalonian letters are unique in the biblical corpus (and among wider epistolary evidence) in naming three overt participants in the letters’ prescripts. Debate continues as to whether Silvanus and Timothy join Paul as “coauthors” or merely as “cosenders.” This paper continues the exploration, recognizing and pursuing several incomplete avenues of inquiry. Scholarship is … Read more